About 40,000 years ago mankind invented art or perhaps art invented mankind and 4,000 years ago handicrafts emerged from simple tool making but it’s been a long battle between craft and fine art. To start with, let us go back in history.
David by Michelangelo
Galleria dell’Accademia, Florence
Lynch Park Rose Garden – Beverly, Mass
Classical Meaning of Art
The original classical definition – derived from the Latin word “ars” (meaning “skill” or “craft”) – is a useful starting point. This broad approach leads to art being defined as: “the product of a body of knowledge, most often using a set of skills.” Thus Renaissance painters and sculptors were viewed merely as highly skilled artisans. No wonder Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo went to such efforts to elevate the status of artists (and by implication art itself) onto a more intellectual plane.
The emergence of the great European academies of art reflected the gradual upgrading of the subject. New and enlightened branches of philosophy also contributed to this change of image. By the mid-18th century, the mere demonstration of technical skills was insufficient to qualify as art – it now needed an “aesthetic” component – it had to be seen as something “beautiful.”
At the same time, the concept of “utilitarianism” (functionality or usefulness) was used to distinguish the more noble “fine arts” (art for art’s sake), like painting and sculpture, from the lesser forms of “applied art”, such as crafts and commercial design work, and the ornamental “decorative arts”, like textile design and interior design.
Thus, by the end of the 19th century, art was separated into at least two broad categories: namely, fine art and the rest – a situation that reflected the cultural snobbery and moral standards of the European establishment.
Post-World War II
The cataclysm of WWII led to the demise of Paris as the capital of world art, and its replacement by New York. This new American orientation encouraged art to become more of a commercial product, and loosen its connection with existing traditions of aestheticism. All of a sudden, even the most mundane items and concepts became elevated to the status of “art”.
The redefinition of art during the last three decades of the 20th century has been lent added intellectual weight by theorists of the postmodernist movement. According to the postmoderns, the focus has shifted from artistic skill to the “meaning” of the work produced. In addition, “how” a work is “experienced” by spectators has become a critical component in its aesthetic value.
Therefore, although all arts involve craft and all arts in some way involve techniques that can be taught and learned, and produce a preconceived result sometimes but still what remains important is how is it perceived.
An end to end modernity, Josiah Mcelheny
Nickel plated aluminium, electric lighting, hand blown glass
Collection of the Tate, London
On the same lines, we create sculptures through lost wax casting. We use skill and craftsmanship to create an artifact which sometimes is planned and then executed such that the result to be obtained is preconceived or thought out before being arrived.
Mother and child by indigenous artisan residing in Bastar
Also, we create things, to expresses emotion where we try to probe the content of our emotional lives and explore the emotional possibilities of the work itself; articulate and make clear an emotion, or more generally a feeling.
Disabled man and his dream
For us both forms basically live under the Order of Craft since we create to fulfil the external social needs and have a purpose to serve. We create a concoction of art and craft where mastery is as important as exploration and inquisitiveness to enrich the aesthetic value of the artefact. Distinguish yourself if it comes under art or falls in the category of craft.